Information about Vardzia, Georgia
Cave City of Vardzia, Georgia
One of the most famous ancient monuments of Georgia is located in Vardzia near the Armenian border. Built in the twelfth century, during the Golden Age of Georgia, by Giorgi III, this city of caves was originally intended as a military fortress. However, his niece Queen Tamara (the first female ruler, and beloved by her people) later converted it into a religious complex, where she herself lived for many years. Since that time it has been used as a monastery for most of its history. Vardzia is remarkable cave city, which in its heyday housed 50,000 people, was actually carved into the side of the rocky cliffs. The entire cave complex is situated high up in the mountains to keep it safe from invading hordes. Vardzia is a very special place, considered a cultural symbol and a source of pride to Georgians, and a must-see for tourists who travel to Georgia.