Mausoleums in Termez, Uzbekistan
Mausoleum of Hakim at-Termizi - Termez, Uzbekistan
Mausoleum of Hakim at-Termizi
Mausoleum of Hakim at-Termizi, Termez
The Mausoleum of Hakim at-Termizi is the main place of pilgrimage in Termez. It’s worty to visit this place during Uzbekistan tour. By the way, Hakim at-Termizi is famous theologian of the IX c. People considered him as a sacred protector of the Termezcity. He was noted for compositions of a mystic-philosophical character, besides he was the founder of the dervishes order. His burial vault was somewhere near the citadel of medieval Termez, probably near to hanaqoh. Later, a mausoleum was built above this place from burnt bricks. It is one-chambered construction with a portal dome. It’s necessary to visit this place, if you are interested in ancient history and traveling around Uzbekistan. Besides, there were 4 strong arches which supported the dome. The entrance was on the south side; the northern archway was open and the remaining ones were blocked off. The interiors of the mausoleum were richly decorated with carved ganch (probably at the end of the XI c.).Later, (in 1389-1390, according to the inscription on the portal) a new small mausoleum was built there. It was located on the east side and was adjacent to the ancient tomb. Near the Eastern side several storage rooms were situated.
At the beginning of XV c. on the east-west axis of the mausoleum was erected the largest building complex. It happened under the rule of Khalil Sultan, a grandson of Amir Temur. This was the largest building hanaqoh. It intended for wanderers, dervishes and faqihs. The artwork was impressive there. Therefore, it would be very pleasant to look at this place during Uzbekistan tour.
At the same time with the construction of the hanaqoh of the mausoleum of Hakim at Termizi, there was set up a carved marble gravestone (sagana). This gravestone was considered to be one of the masterpieces of stonework and design art of the masters of the Temurid epoch.