Andijan: Travel Attractions, Tours to Andijan
Andijan, city and administrative center in far eastern Uzbekistan in Andijan province, at the southeastern edge of the Fergana Valley. Andijan is about 475 km east of Tashkent, and about 45 km west of Osh, Kyrgyzstan. Andijan is a center for oil production and has a few oil refineries. Cotton growing and processing remain the dominant economic activities. Andijan sits on an ancient riverbed (Say River) and is known to have existed since the 9th century on a trade route into western China. Andijan was the 15th-century capital of the Fergana Valley, and in the 18th and 19th cc. a part of the Kokand khanate (state), centered in present-day Kokand. In 1876 Andijan was captured by Russian forces. The Fergana Valley's last local rebellion against the rule of the Russian tsar took place at Andijan in 1898. An earthquake destroyed most of the old part of the city in 1902, killing more than 4000 people. The Babur Literary Museum is in Andijan. The museum is named after Zahiruddin Muhammad Babur, who was born in Andijan in 1483 and founded the Mughal Empire of northern India. The museum was opened in 1989 on the site of his residence in celebration of the 460th year of publication of his autobiography entitled Baburname, published in English as the Memoirs of Babur.