People’s Republic of China is located in East Asia stretching from Chinese sea till Central Asia from east to west, from Russia and Mongolia to Vietnam, Laos, and Nepal from north to south respectively. China has international borders with 14 different states. China consists of 23 provinces including Taiwan (controversial) 5 autonomous regions, four direct controlled municipalities, and two self-governing administrative regions (Hong Kong and Macau). China has the total are of 9 600 600 km2 (3 700 000 sq. mi.) It is the world’s most populous state with population over 1 350 000 people which is about 19% of total world population. China is also ranks third biggest country by total area covering 9.6 million square kilometers (3.7 square miles).
Shanghai – is the largest city by population not only in China but the largest city in the world with almost 23.8 million (2013) people. It is one of the four direct-controlled municipalities of China. With a rich history yet modern looking Shanghai for centuries has been a major administrative, shipping, and trading town. Shanghai grew in importance in the 19th century due to European recognition of its favorable port location and economic potential. Today Shanghai is the commercial and financial center of mainland China. It was the largest and most prosperous city in the Far East during the 1930s, and rapid re-development began in 1990s. This is exemplified by the Pudong District, which became a pilot area for integrated economic reforms. By the end of 2009, there were 787 financial institutions, of which 170 were foreign-invested. Today Shanghai considered being not only financial center of China but one of the important financial centers of the world.
Beijing (Peking) – is the capital city of PRC which is located in northern part of the China. It is one of the most populist cities in the world with population over 21.1 million (2013). Beijing is the nation's political, cultural, and educational center. It is home to the headquarters of most of China's largest state-owned companies. The Beijing Capital International Airport is the second busiest in the world by passenger traffic. Beijing Municipality currently comprises 16 administrative county-level subdivisions including 14 urban and suburban districts and two rural counties. Beijing is one of the most developed cities of China which is also home for 41 Fortune Global 500 companies. At the historical heart of Beijing lies the Forbidden City, the enormous palace compound that was the home of the emperors of the Ming and Qing dynasties.
Urumqi (historically Dihua or Tihawa) is the capital of Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region of the PRC. It is located in the north - west of the country. Urumqi was a major hub on the Silk Road during China's Tang dynasty, and developed its reputation as a leading cultural and commercial center during the Qing dynasty. Literal translation of Urumqi means “beautiful pasture" in the Mongolian language of the Dzungar people. It is the largest city in China's western interior. Since the 1990s Urumqi has developed economically and now serves as a regional transport node, cultural, and commercial center. World famous places of Urumqi are Xinjiang regional museum, Idkah mosque (1442 AD) which is the largest mosque in China, Apak Khoja’s Tomb the holy place for Sufis (1640 AD).
Kashgar (also Kashi) is an oasis county-level city is the westernmost Chinese city, located near the border with Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan. It is the administrative center of Kashgar Prefecture of the Kashi also lies along side of the Northern part of the Silk Road. Famous place Karez water system, a 2000 year-old, 44 meter (145 ft) Emin Minaret, and the ruins of ancient Jiaohe city.